JAMB PAST QUESTION (ENGLISH): COMPREHENSION ONLY

JAMB PAST QUESTION (ENGLISH) COMPREHENSION

COMPREHENSION I

Read each passage carefully and answer the questions that follow it.

The approach to the University is being restructured

to ease the flow of traffic, give better security and provide an

appropriate introduction to a seat of higher learning. The Works

and Services Complex is also under construction , and we intend

to move into the completed {major}part of it within the next few

weeks.

All these projects are being executed with an eye to

aesthetics, for we recognize the important influence of a beautiful

and healthy environment on its inhabitants and feel that a cluster

of buildings on a small space such as we have , should be so

well designed as to have a beneficial psychological and

sociological effect on all members of the community.

I have gone to these lengths to itemize these examples of

current development for two main reason. Firstly , to advise you

that the road diversions and other physical inconveniences

currently being experienced will be on the increase because of

intense development activity. We therefore appeal to you to

bear with us in full knowledge and consolation that such

inconveniences are temporary and will soon yield final tangible

results. Secondly, to demonstrate our capacity for executing

approved projects with dispatch, and to assure Government

that we are up to the task. Indeed, I can assure Government that

its ability to disburse funds to us will be more than matched by

our capacity to collect and expend them on executing various

worthy projects in record time.

1. From the passage we can gather that

A. there is not much consideration for the health of

the inhabitants.

B. there is deliberate effort to inconvenience the

people

C. buildings are put up anyhow

D. projects are carried out without approval

E. the inconveniences suffered by the inhabitants

will be for a while.

2. Unless it can be shown that the money voted for projects

can be spent on them in good time.

A. the development activity will not be intense.

B. it will not be easy to convince the Government of

our executive ability

C. it will not be difficult to ask Government for funds

D. our final results will be unreliable.

E. the road diversions and other inconveniences

will continue.

3. An eye to aesthetics in this passage means

A. regard for space. B. beneficial psychological effects

C. regard for health D. consideration for beauty

E. a cluster of buildings.

4. In this passage the author tries to explain why

A. it is necessary to establish the Works and Services

Complex in the University.

B. beauty should not be taken into consideration when

building on such a small space as we have

C. the gateway to the university is being rebuilt

D. major part of the project should be completed in the

next few weeks.

E. visitors should be debarred from using the gates in

The meantime.

5. Which of these is NOT among the reasons given by the

author for enumerating the examples of the current

development?

A. to show that we are capable of executing approved

projects.

B. to convince the Government that we can be trusted

with task.

C. the inconvenience currently being experienced will

go on indefinitely.

D. we are fully aware of the inconveniences being caused

but we do not want you to complain.

E. we have the capacity to complete worthy projects

within the scheduled time.

JAMB PAST QUESTION

COMPREHENSION II

Is work for prisoners a privilege to save them from the

demoralizing effects and misery of endless unoccupied hours?

Is it something added to a prison sentence to make it harder and

more unpleasant, or something, which should have a positive

value as part of a system of rehabilitation?

Those magistrates who clung to sentences of hard labour

doubtless looked upon strenuous work as an additional

punishment. This point of view is widely accepted as right and

proper, but it ignores the fact that unwillingness towork is often

one of the immediate causes of criminality. To send prisoners

back to the outside world, more than ever convinced that labour

is an evil to be avoided, is to confirm them in their old way of

life.

It has been said that the purpose of prison work in a

program of rehabilitation is twofold: training for work and

training by work. The prisoner, that is to say, needs to be trained

in habits of industry; but over and above this, he will gain

immeasurably if it is possible to rouse in him the consciousness

of self-mastery and of purpose that the completion of any

worthwhile piece of work can give to the doer. He may find a

pride of achievement in something more satisfying, and more

socially desirable, than crime. But these things can only come

when the work itself has a purpose and demands an effort.

6. According to the author, some magistrates sentence

prisoners to hard labor because.

A. some prisoners are unwilling to work.

B. work is a privilege

C. prisoners need to learn a trade

D. it is an additional punishment

E. it is a means of rehabilitation.

7. Which of these is NOTthe purpose of work in a program

of rehabilitation?

A. training the prisoners to have satisfaction in work.

B. developing in them a pride in a sense of achievement.

C. developing in them more satisfaction in work than in crime.

D. helping them to accelerate their reform and discharge.

E. training them for work and by work.

8. The author thinks that strenuous work in prison.

A. is a privilege for the prisoners

B. may do more harm than good

C. is part of their punishment

D. is a right and proper thing

E. should be an additional punishment.

9. What the author is trying to put across in this passage is that

A. crime does not pay

B. prisoners should be made to work hard

C. work is more desirable than crime

D. life in prison is one of misery.

E. work in prison without a purpose is bad.

10. Demoralizing in this passage means

A. deforming B. reforming C. agonizing

D. destructive E. corrupting.

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COMPREHENSION III

The Save the Children Fund (SCF) was first started in

London on 19thMay, 1919 by an English woman — named Miss

Jebb. It is now a worldwide organization, dedicated to helping

needy children everywhere. The SCF of Malawi was formed in

1953, under the patronage of His Excellency the Life President

Ngawazi Dr. H. Kamuzu Banda.

‘Our job in Malawi is to give those unfortunate children

the rights that they are deprived of through no fault of theirs.

These are internationally recognized as the ten rights of children

and include protection, care, food and accommodation, and

relief’, a spokesman for the Fund explained.

One of those who benefited from the help of the Fund is

Samuel Mpetechula, a graduate of Chancellor. His sponsorship

started in 1967. The SCF of Malawi found him sponsors. They

were Mr. and Mrs. Sutton of Australia who paid his school fees

and continued to help him financially throughout his University

education.

Mr. Mpetechula said, ‘They even built a house for me at

home and looked after my family while I was a student. They

were really helpful tome, and the thought that there were these

sponsors caring for me from thousands of kilometers away from

here was an encouragement for me to work hard at college’.

Another important function of the work of the SCF is in

the field of nutrition. With the help of the Australian Government,

the SCF established two nutrition rehabilitation centers for

children; one at Mpemba and another in Mulanje. ‘The object of

the centre’, explained Mr. Petre Chimbe, the Executive Secretary

of the Fund, ‘is to combat malnutrition in children, by giving

them the proper food.’

11. In Malawi, the ‘Save the Children Fund’ was formed

A by an English woman named Miss Jebb in 1919

B. in 1919 under the patronage of His Excellency the

Life President Ngawazi Dr. H. Kamuzu Banda

C. under the patronage of His Excellency the Life President

Ngawazi Dr. H.Kamuzu Banda in 1953

D. in 1953 by a group of social workers headed by Dr.

Mbagunda

E. none of the above.

12. The ‘Save the Children Fund’ in Malawi helps needy

children by

A. finding families which are willing to adopt the

children

B. finding sponsors for the children’s education and

by opening nutrition centers

C. giving loans and scholarships to students who

cannot afford to continue their education

D. running institutions which give free food

E. clothing and lodging poor children without parents.

13. Samuel Mpetechula was able to graduate from Chancellor

because

A. of the financial assistance given to him by his sponsors

B. his uncle paid his education fees.

C. he was able to win a scholarship to the university

D. the SCF subsidized his educational expenses

E. of the assistance given to him by the Australian

Government.

In questions 14 and 15 choose the meaning which best fits the

underlined phrases taken from the passage.

14. Combat malnutrition means

A. struggle against the easing of the wrong type of food

B. fight ill health caused by over-feeding

C. wipe out ignorance

D. fight to wipe out ill health caused by lack of food

E. fight against hunger.

15. Deprived of means

A. spared B. prevented from getting C. robbed of

D. unable to take. E. snatched from.

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COMPREHENSION IV

At the time of the troubles in Ireland, a priest said, ‘Man

is half beast.’ A diplomat replied, ‘Yes. And the beast is the half

I like the best.’ The priest meant that few beasts behave as badly

as man when man makes up his mind to behave badly. If you

look at the folly and cruelty of today’s world, it is hard to disagree

with the diplomat or the priest. But human nature can be changed.

Anybody, if that is what they most want to do, can change the

most difficult person they know. The art of changing people has

been lost in the modern world. That is why the modern world

has lost its way.

There are two ways of looking at human nature. One is to

make the best of it as it is and assume that it is the raw material of

life which cannot be altered. That is what most people in the free

world do today. In these circumstances, if you expect the worst,

you are seldom disappointed. Faith today has become irrelevant

to the everyday needs of so many people in positions of

responsibility because they do not expect faith to change men.

Another way of dealing with human nature is to exploit

it. All materialists, whether of the right or the left, do this. All

over the world vanity, fear, ambition, lust and greed are used to

control the life of men; and if the control breaks down, man does

not hesitate to use force, or to destroy life. The end, he says,

justifies the means and men are only of value in so far as they are

a means towards the achievement of his ambition. If they cannot

be bribed or forced to play their part, then they must be liquidated.

16. The priest meant that

A. man is both beast and human

B. man could be sores than a beast if he wants to

C. he liked beasts more than man

D. he liked both man and beast

E. really, a man cannot be a beast.

17. The modern world has lost its way because

A. it no longer believes in God

B. ambition has made people greedy

C. people are no longer interested in one another

D. the technique of influencing people is nomore

E. people are just too selfish.

18. What most people do in the free world today is to

A. leave other people alone

B. assume that human nature is bad

C. accept human nature as it is since it is immutable.

D. attempt to change the world E. leave the world as it is.

19. Faith today is by and large irrelevant because

A. nobody thinks it can alter human nature

B. most people do not believe in God

C. being in a position of responsibility nullifies the

importance of faith

D. responsible people need not bother about faith

E. the faithful are very few in the world anyway.

20. Materialists can be found

A. in capitalist countries

B. in communist countries

C. in less developed countries

D. among people who do not have neighbors.

E. all over the world.

COMPREHENSION V

Typical Zacharia! Devil-may care and irrevererant as ever.

No doubt he was just the same when he was cook to a Greek

trader in the town. In fact, I suspect that to him the Reverend

Father is just another sort of trader. Conceited ass, thinking

himself superior to the Father! And in what is he superior?

Success with women, perhaps? Zacharia knows that they all

admire him and is always striving for still more admiration. He

dresses sharply and walks in a haughty manner that suits his

tallness. And then he feeds his pride on the swarms of girls who

run after him. It’s maddening to think how little you need to

attract them. I remember my mother coming home from market in

the town, after selling her vegetables and cocoa. How indignant

she was: ‘It’s so shameful,’ she cried, ‘our best-looking and

most respectable girls go to town and throw themselves at

strangers as ugly as sin, speaking the most outlandish tongues.

Men I can scarely look at without shuddering! And why? Just

money! Money! Ah, what a world! And my father replied in a

buried voice, ‘It’s the times!’ ‘The times!’ shouted mother, ‘can

you imagine my child Ann with creatures like those?’

But perhaps the girls who chase Zacharia aren’t drawn

by his tallness or his leather shoes. Perhaps they’re only after

childish things, a bit of bread or a pot of jam, knowing that he’s

a cook. My father often says women are like children in their

desires. And after all, I too can boast a little. Plenty of women

turn to look at me, especially when I’m dressed all in white! But

I’m not vain enough to fuss over a little thing like that. Not like

Zacharia, who doesn’t know women are simply children.

21. Zacharia

A. was the cook of a trader B .

worked for a priest

C. worked for the speaker’s mother

 D. was a rich man

E. was a handsome man

22. Which of the following was NOT a quality of Zacharia’s

character?

A. Vanity B. Lack of respect for others

C. Humility D. Arrogance E. Insubordination

23. The girls were apparently attracted to Zacharia by

A. wealth

B. the life of the towns

C. the appearance of the young men

D. the fact that the young men spoke strange dialects

E. food.

24. From the passage we can conclude that the young girls

were

A. attractive B. religious C. modern

D. easily led E. indifferent

25. The speaker’s mother considered that

A. things were not as good as they used to be

B. women were foolish

C. the world was corrupt

D. the love of money was the root of all evil

E. it was necessary for attitudes to change.

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